I have favorite words and phrases I tend to use over and over again–a recent overused description involves a lump growing in my character’s throat when she’s feeling emotional. And then there are weird grammar rules I can never remember while I’m writing–is it backwards or backward when you’re writing as an American?
So about a year and a half ago, when I was editing Battle Hymns, I started a checklist in Evernote called “Writing Weaknesses” that includes grammar rules, some of my writing quirks, and other things to look for while I’m editing. Since I’m in the midst of the complicated process of editing my WIP, I figured I’d share my list with the hope that it will help others who are in the same stages of editing/writing as me.
Cara’s Writing Weaknesses & Editing Checklist:
- Overuse of “that” between clauses
- Check dialogue tags that aren’t “said”–warned, admitted, insisted, and suggested are NOT dialogue tags!
- Too many sentences start with “But” or “Before”
- “Smirk” does not mean what I think it means
- Avoid “going to” instead of “will”
- Avoid “at which” instead of “where”
- Too much detail into minutia, such as walking down hallways, dressing, etc. And per my copy editor: “We don’t need an accounting of every move they make to get from point A to point B.”
- Don’t reach out a hand to do something–just do it!
- “Good-bye” is always hyphenated; “Good-night” is hyphenated when used as a noun or adjective; Use “good night” for a parting used at night; “Goodnight” is always incorrect
- American English typically drops the s on toward, backward, and forward. Afterwards is the exception to this rule.
- Check for overuse of useless words, including: about, just, really, started, began, all, again, very, that, so, then, rather, some, only, almost, like, close, even, somehow, sort, pretty, well, back, up, down, anyway, real, already, own, over, ever, be able to, still, bit, -ly
- Check for emotional telling (v. showing) words, including: anger, angry, relieved, relief, felt, despair, anxious, doubt, fear, nervous, panic, scared, shock, upset, worry, worried, uncertain, excited, excitement, confident, sure, certain, happy, glad, mirth, joy, elated, elation, pleased, satisfied, concern, depressed, dread, sorrow, distress, hope
A list of weaknesses can vary from writer to writer. These are some of mine. What are yours?
P.S. Happy new year!